Communication with police

Except for political and public activists, Belarus is notable for a low level of conflicts between police and private persons. Always have your passport with you, otherwise police officer will have the right to detain you for an identification check for up to 3 hours. You may also be detained for up to 3 hours if you commit an administrative offence. This term may be longer (up to 72 hours) if arrest is provided for the offence committed. The term starts from the moment of detention, not from the moment when you are delivered to a police station. When detaining you, police officer has to introduce himself, show his certificate, and tell you the reason of your detention. If police officer refuses to tell you this information, look for a badge on his chest, and try to discern and remember the number of his badge. When delivered to the police station, insist upon immediate fixation of your detention together with the actual time of it in a special journal. There is no "one call" rule in Belarus – you will have no right to demand a call. However it won't be considered as a breach for a police officer to let you make a call. At the same time police officers ought to inform your relatives or your consulate about your detention.

 

You have a right:

• to know what are you accused or suspected of

• to demand that your consulate or relatives should be informed about your detention

• not to testify against yourself especially if your testimonies can be used against you

• to have an advocate from the moment of your detention

• to speak in your native language or have a translator

• demand writing materials and lodge a complaint to the officer on duty, if you think that your rights have been infringed; your complaint can be lodged with the supervising prosecutor or the head of the police department

• demand, if needed, medical aid and medical examination

 

When a report is drawn up on you:

• you have a right to write down your testimonies with your own hand

• read the report carefully

• sign its every page

• write alterations and additions in it, and sign them

• if you do not agree with the report, don't refuse to sign it; it is better to write down your attitude with your own hand and sign it